Why Steel Is Used More Than Other Materials in Construction

Why Steel Is Used More Than Other Materials in Construction
  • Opening Intro -

    When an engineer or architect chooses construction materials in any undertaking, whether a residential home or a skyscraper for example, they consider several factors, such as cost, availability, durability, and flexibility.

    Steel, concrete, bricks, wood, and stone are the most common materials that are used in construction.

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However, since the second industrial revolution, steel has been the go-to material for construction. That may be a little mind-boggling at first because there are so many materials to choose from, but there are many reasons why it is much preferred over other supplies. 

Let’s go over some of the reasons why steel is used more than other materials in construction.

Durability

Structural steel products have exceptional tensile strength, and they are typically able to withstand up to 50,000 pounds per square inch. This property makes it ideal for extreme weather conditions such as seismic events and strong winds.

Steel is naturally resistant to decay, mold, and vermin and also exhibits high corrosion resistance. It has an industry-standard coating to provide additional protection for varying conditions.

Similarly, steel has a high strength-to-weight ratio, meaning it outmatches the strength of many other materials at the same weight.

Combined with high dimensional stability, it doesn’t warp, shrink or crack due to changes in the atmosphere, and it is uniformly strong by design.

Steel enables the construction of high-rise buildings at a fraction of the cost of other materials.

Availability and affordability

Steel is by far one of the most available of all construction materials. The steel industry has been around since the 1850s. Consequently, you can bet that the manufacturing processes of steel products have undergone years of refinement.

Similarly, you can purchase standard steel products to suit almost any kind of design. Once more, being a metal, steel is indefinitely recyclable.

Research shows that 99% of the world’s structural steel is recycled due to its exceptional magnetic properties inherited from iron. Further, steel is prefabricated and hence reduces the workforce, time, and costs used in construction.

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Flexibility

Due to its high compressive strength, steel can be fashioned for almost any specification. Case in point, advanced high-strength steels make up to 60% of today’s vehicles.

Structured steel also exists as a reinforcement in other materials, such as rebars in concrete. Additionally, steel is readily incorporated into design software, enhancing the creative freedom of architects without sacrificing structural integrity.

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In conclusion, it is certain that in this era, architectural and engineering projects are not slowing down any time soon as the population grows and a never-ending embitterment in the construction sector.

As stipulated above, to achieve your ideal construction objectives, looking at it from time, durability, availability, flexibility, steel remains the best choice, and hence its vast popularity among constructors worldwide.

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